1. Weather Observations
Labs: METAR exercises. Introduction to online data and analysis resources.
2. Hypsometric Equation Applications
Lectures: Brief hypsometric equation. Vertical integration. Altimeter setting and sea level pressure.
Labs:Pressure reduction exercises. Station model review.
3. Introduction to Synoptic Analysis
Lectures: Scalar analysis. Upper atmospheric analysis. Rapid review of geostrophic, gradient and ageostrophic wind relationships and their application in synoptic analysis.
Labs: 500 mb and 850 mb analyses. Instruction on online analysis tools (garp). Meted: Thermal Wind
4. Atmospheric Structure
Lectures: Thickness, thermal wind, and jet streams. Frontogenesis. Upper level fronts. Vorticity and potential vorticity.
Labs: 300 and 200 mb analyses. Thermal wind lab. Meted: Jet Streams
5. Basic Conceptual Models of Cyclones and Fronts
Lectures: Norwegian conceptual model. Isobaric and frontal analysis. Cyclone structure, including clouds.
Labs: Surface analysis. Cross sectional analyses.
6. Weather Forecasting Boot Camp
Lectures: Major steps in weather prediction. Numerical weather prediction and models. Forecast postprocessing. Approaches to prediction.
Labs: Comparisons of weather prediction model forecasts, forecast exercises. Meted: How Mesoscale Models Work.
7. Introduction to Weather Satellites and their Imagery
Lectures: Hardware description. Basic concepts. Interpretation of visible, infrared, microwave, and moisture imagery.
Labs: Analysis of satellite imagery.
8. Modern Ideas on Synoptic Structure and Development.
Lecture: Shapiro and Keyser model, conveyor belt conceptual models. Split fronts and cold fronts aloft. Three dimensional airflow in cyclones. Numerical simulations of cyclone/frontal evolution.
Labs: GARP analysis of three-dimensional structures, trajectory analyses using model data.
9. Tropical Meteorology.
Lectures: Basic characteristics and comparison to midlatitudes. Easterly waves and tropical storms.
Labs: Streamline and isotach analysis.
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