8 Essential Questions about Blood Pressure Answered bye HealthoWealth!

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what is blood pressure and blood pressure symptoms

Blood pressure is one of the most significant metrics in medicine, as medical practitioners are well aware. It is frequently the first measure recorded when a patient enters a doctor's office or a hospital. But what makes blood pressure such an important indicator of one's overall health? Healthowealth has answered eight of your most frequently asked about blood pressure questions below.

  1. What is blood pressure?

Blood is pushed out into our arteries and throughout the body with each heartbeat. Blood pressure is the force of this blood pressing against the artery walls.

  1. How is blood pressure quantified?

Blood pressure is measured using two numbers, 120/80 (which translates to "120 over 80"). The top number represents the systolic pressure, while the bottom number represents diastolic pressure. The systolic pressure measures the pressure on the arteries while the heart contracts and pumps blood, whereas the diastolic pressure measures the pressure on the arteries when the heart is at rest in between heartbeats. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury, which is abbreviated as mmHg. (Mercury was the conventional liquid used in blood pressure gauges.)

  1. How is blood pressure measured?

The primary blood vessel that goes through the upper arm is the brachial artery. The brachial artery gets blocked when a blood pressure cuff is placed around a patient's upper arm and inflated (i.e., blood flow through the artery is stopped). Blood flow restarts when the cuff is progressively deflated. A stethoscope can detect a tapping or pounding sound in the artery as a result of this. The systolic pressure is indicated by the first of these audible tapping noises. When the tapping noises stop, the diastolic pressure is reached. If you are interested in getting useful information about diets for high blood pressure, HealthOWealth.org will give you good suggestions.

  1. What is the auscultatory method of blood pressure measurement?

The hearing approach mentioned above is the auscultatory method. It is widely regarded as the gold standard for clinical blood pressure readings. However, because several variables influence the accuracy of this procedure, a good methodology is vital. Numerous studies have revealed that physicians and healthcare workers seldom adhere to all stated rules (Pickering et al, 2005). See How to Take Blood Pressure for further information.

  1. What is the oscillometric method of blood pressure measurement?

The oscillometric method is a methodology for measuring blood pressure that is based on fluctuations in the blood pressure cuff induced by blood flow via the brachial artery. An empirically determined method is then used to calculate the blood pressure results. Because it is less vulnerable to external noise, the oscillometric approach is used by the majority of automated blood pressure monitors. Visit HealthOWealth.org to read more about blood pressure.

  1. What is mean arterial pressure (MAP)?

The average arterial pressure throughout a single cardiac cycle is referred to as MAP (i.e., the average blood pressure in the arteries). It is a better measure of perfusion (the movement of fluid from the circulatory system or lymphatic system to an organ or tissue) than systolic blood pressure alone, and it is an excellent predictor of both general health and the risk of developing certain cardiovascular illnesses. Diastolic + 1/3 is the formula for calculating MAP (Systolic minus Diastolic).

  1. What is hypertension?

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. According to the American Heart Association, about half of all individuals in the United States have excessive blood pressure. When left untreated, high blood pressure causes considerable damage to your circulatory system, which contributes to heart attacks, strokes, and other health problems.

  1. Do I have high blood pressure?

The American College of Cardiology (ACC), HealthOWealth (HOW), and the American Heart Association (AHA) issued new guidelines in 2017 that redefined hypertension. The new categories are as follows:



Less than 120/80 mmHg


Systolic between 120-129 mmHg and diastolic less than 80 mmHg

Hypertension Stage 1:

Systolic between 130-139 mmHg or diastolic between 80-89 mmHg

Hypertension Stage 2:

Systolic at least 140 mmHg or diastolic at least 90 mmHg

Hypertensive Crisis: 

Systolic over 180 mmHg and/or diastolic over 120 mmHg

The changes were a way to acknowledge that complications can begin to occur at lower numbers and to allow for earlier intervention. HealthOWealth.com helps you to obtain useful medical information about blood pressure, cancer, and diabetes to improve your quality of life and maintain your health.

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